Stimulant Intoxication

As the name suggests, hallmark signs of stimulant intoxication invariably require stimulation. In an effort to separate stimulant intoxication from other types of heightened arousal, it is important to note that the experience is reversible, limited in duration, and associated with temporary physiological, subjective, and behavioral changes. The recent consumption of drugs can help distinguish between stimulant intoxication and disease-related sources of some of these behaviors, which can include mania, Parkinson’s disease, some forms of dementia, and certain brain lesions or head injuries. Stimulant intoxication can serve as a risk marker for problematic use of other drugs, sleep disorders, and undiagnosed attention problems.

Physiological effects common in stimulant intoxication include general indications of arousal such as increases in heart rate, blood pressure, vasoconstriction, respiration, body ...

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