The category of sleep-wake disorders covers a large range of diagnoses associated with poor quality or quantity of sleep. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), includes 10 disorders or disorder groups under this heading: (1) insomnia disorder, (2) hypersomnolence disorder, (3) narcolepsy, (4) breathing-related sleep disorders, (5) circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, (6) non–rapid eye movement sleep arousal disorders, (7) nightmare disorder, (8) rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, (9) restless legs syndrome, and (10) substance/medication-induced sleep disorders. Social factors—defined as the behavior of the person experiencing the sleep disorder with others around him or her—can worsen any sleep disorder and are vital to consider in the treatment plan. This entry provides an overview of these social factors, along with ...

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