Sleep-Wake Disorders: Epidemiology

Approximately one third of adults report problems with initiating or maintaining sleep or waking up too early. These problems may be acute or chronic in nature; result from, lead to, or be independent of co-occurring medical and mental health disorders; and often cause significant impairment and distress. Sleep disorders are associated with enhanced risk for diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, poor occupational performance, and depression. This entry examines the epidemiology—incidence and prevalence—of sleep-wake disorders in adults and two key subpopulations: children and elderly persons.

Sleep-Wake Disorders in Adults

A number of classification schemes exist for the categorization of sleep-wake disorders. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3), describes numerous sleep disorders and their diagnostic criteria and is targeted at sleep disorder specialists. The Diagnostic ...

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