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Sleep-Wake Disorders: Diagnosis

Sleep-wake disorders refers to a classification of disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, marked by sleep schedule, duration, and quality that deviate from those of the normal population and result in distress and functional impairment. Disorders or disorder groupings included in this category are (a) insomnia disorder, (b) hypersomnolence disorder, (c) narcolepsy, (d) breathing-related sleep disorders, (e) circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, (f) parasomnias (non–rapid eye movement [NREM] sleep arousal disorders, nightmare disorder, rapid eye movement [REM] sleep behavior disorder), (g) restless legs syndrome, and (h) substance/medication-induced sleep disorders.

Insomnia Disorder

Insomnia disorder refers to perceptions of poor sleep duration or quality in the presence of sufficient opportunities to sleep, accompanied by one or more of the following: (a) difficulty falling ...

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