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Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a common breathing disorder characterized by complete cessation (i.e., apnea) or partial cessation (i.e., hypopnea) of breathing during sleep. It is a major public health concern due to its substantial harmful health consequences. Impaired daytime functioning, including memory impairments, low mood, anxiety, decreased attention, and sleepiness, is a well-recognized consequence of sleep apnea. Such impairments contribute to escalating motor vehicle–related morbidity and death rates; furthermore, occupational injuries and death, and the resulting lost work productivity, are directly associated with untreated sleep apnea. Health consequences of sleep apnea include heightened cardiovascular, cancer, and metabolic disease risks and increased all-cause mortality.

According to the third edition of The International Classification of Sleep Disorders: Diagnostic and Coding Manual (ICSD-3), there are four major types of ...

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