School-based mental health refers to comprehensive academic, behavioral, social-emotional, and psychological services provided by school-based professionals in an educational setting to promote mental health among children and adolescents. It is based on findings that students with better mental health perform better academically and that mental health problems in youth are associated with negative outcomes at school (e.g., lower academic achievement, increased discipline referrals, higher dropout rates) and across other domains (e.g., social, home).

Rationale for School-Based Mental Health Services

As many as 20% of school-age children have a mental health problem severe enough to lead to impairment in other domains of life (e.g., decreased academic achievement, impaired social relationships, greater risk of substance abuse and risky behaviors) and to warrant psychological or psychiatric treatment. However, relatively few ...

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