Personality tests have historically been categorized into two groups, projective and objective, although this terminology is changing. Projective personality tests consist of various stimuli to which a person is asked to perform a task, such as tell a story or say what an inkblot looks like, with minimal constraints on how the person responds. The patterns, themes, and salient aspects of the individual’s responses are evaluated as to their meaning, for example, the helpfulness of the people in the stories or the number of authoritative words used. Projective tests vary as to whether these responses are evaluated using standardized scoring (vs. informally attending to themes and patterns) and if the results are compared against norms (vs. informally judging whether the results deviate from what ...

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