Practice-based evidence is a paradigm or approach to research carried out in health care settings, including psychological service settings. It refers to the activities and procedures involved in collecting and analyzing data from routine health care practice settings with the aim of evaluating health care processes and outcomes to improve the quality of care for patients. It has become synonymous with attempts to bridge the gap between practice and science within health care research.

Research Paradigms

Evidence-Based Practice

Practice-based evidence both contrasts and complements the mainstream research approach to developing an evidence base for health care interventions—termed evidence-based practice—which became dominant from the 1980s onward and placed an emphasis on evidence drawn from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and subsequent meta-analytic studies of RCTs (i.e., studies in which ...

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