Personality Disorders: Lifespan Perspectives

A personality disorder (PD) is characterized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), as a chronic and relatively stable disruption in self and interpersonal functioning. This characteristic of stability is assumed whether one defines personality pathology as a collection of distinct clinical syndromes or as a pattern of pathological personality traits. As such, lifespan perspectives have much to offer to the study of personality pathology. Lifespan perspectives attempt to place human behavior in the context of its normative development across the life course. They take into account the various factors that shape development, from biology to culture, and identify the mechanisms by which these factors operate on human behavior. The mainstay method of lifespan perspectives is the longitudinal study, ...

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