Personality Disorders: Epidemiology

Personality disorders (PDs) refer to a broad class of psychopathology that describes what have traditionally been described as deeply engrained maladaptive patterns of thought, emotion, and/or behavior that are characteristic of an individual’s longer term psychological and psychosocial functioning. These patterns are nonpsychotic in nature and are, therefore, not episodic in their presentation over time, and they do not represent psychopathology that is associated with severe impairments in reality perception. PDs are typically defined as being associated with compelling dysfunction in social functioning and/or occupational functioning, as well as being associated in many instances with subjective distress. PDs are normally thought to be present by late adolescence or early adulthood. For many years, PDs were thought to be relatively unchanging over time, as if engraved ...

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