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Personality Disorders

Personality disorders (PDs) are a group of heterogeneous diagnoses in the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). These mental health disorders are classified by persistent patterns of maladaptive behavior and experience, which manifest themselves via some combination of cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, and impulse control. Because of the inflexibility and durability of PD symptomatology across a wide range of personal and social situations, this collection of disorders is understood to cause significant distress and/or impairments in functioning in affected individuals. In the DSM-5, there are 10 specified PDs (listed below) organized into three clusters. Cluster A, which are disorders marked by eccentricity and oddness, includes paranoid PD, schizoid PD, and schizotypal PD. Cluster B, which are disorders ...

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