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The personality system is commonly conceptualized as the dynamic interplay of psychobiological systems with situational and environmental factors that contributes to relatively consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Personality traits are an important component of the larger personality system that provide descriptions of an individual’s characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors (e.g., outgoing vs. shy, careful vs. irresponsible). One of the most prominent and empirically supported taxonomies (classifications) of personality traits is the Big Five model, also referred to as the five-factor model. This consists of five broad domains of person descriptors: (1) extraversion, (2) neuroticism, (3) agreeableness, (4) conscientiousness, and (5) openness. The five-factor structure has been a target of health-related research since its popularization in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Neuroticism ...

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