Personality, Cultural Factors and

Personality is usually defined as an inner set of organized dispositions and psychological processes underlying individuals’ behavioral and affective expression. Each individual is characterized by a specific personality profile that is stable over time and across situations. Personality develops during childhood and adolescence and becomes more stable in adulthood. However, a small but consistent evolution can be observed during the entire life course. Personality contributes to the prediction of several important life outcomes such as job satisfaction, subjective well-being, and the quality of one’s relationships.

Personality is usually described in terms of personality traits that can be explained by five or six independent higher order traits or personality dimensions. The most common model of personality traits is the five-factor model. The five-factor model postulates that ...

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