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Opioid Use Disorder

Opioid use disorder is defined in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), as a problematic pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. A person must meet at least 2 of the 11 criteria within a 12-month period to be diagnosed with the disorder. An individual with opioid use disorder may lose control over opioid use, crave or strongly desire opioids, and spend a great deal of time obtaining, using, or recovering from the effects of opioids. The individual may fail to fulfill obligations, give up important activities, continue to use despite persistent relationship struggles and physical and psychological problems related to use, and put his or her life in danger by using in ...

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