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Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders: Treatment

The obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) are a group of five core clinical syndromes classified together in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). This group includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), hoarding disorder, trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), and excoriation (skin-picking disorder). In addition, OCRDs can be coded separately as substance/medication-induced, due to another medical condition, other specified, and unspecified. These disorders cause severe distress, significant social and functional impairment, and reduced quality of life for millions of people worldwide. When left untreated, they are chronic conditions and may lead to other forms of psychopathology, including severe depression and suicidality. To understand how these debilitating conditions are treated, it is important to appreciate the similarities and ...

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