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Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders: Cultural Factors

Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) share intrusive thoughts/preoccupations and related repetitive behaviors as core features. They include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, hoarding disorder, substance/medication-induced OCRD, OCRD due to another medical condition, and other specified OCRDs. Cultural factors can affect OCRDs in different ways, such as leading to increased prevalence rates, modifying comorbidity profiles, shaping OCRD phenotypes, and decreasing treatment-seeking behaviors or responses to treatment. However, despite their importance, the impact of cultural factors in OCRD remains an understudied area. Most of what is known on the cross-cultural aspects of OCRD is either not completely evidence-based or based on descriptions of OCD within specific non-Western contexts, without comparisons between different cultures. This entry summarizes what is presently ...

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