Neuropsychological assessment refers to the application of psychological and psychometric measurement procedures to assess the behavioral expression of brain functioning. This type of assessment provides more specific information about higher cognitive functions than that provided by traditional clinical measures or the mental status examination. The four main classes of cognitive functions examined through neuropsychological testing are (1) receptive functioning, (2) memory and learning, (3) thinking, and (4) expressive functions. Specifically, receptive functioning consists of sensory reception (i.e., arousal processes) and perception (i.e., integration of this sensory information into psychologically meaningful information). Assessment of memory may include comparison of different types of memory, such as short-term memory and long-term memory, as well as memory retrieval (free recall) or retention (recognition). Thinking refers to the mental ...

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