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Neurofibrillary Tangles

The explication of neurofibrillary tangles is inextricably tied to the protein tau and the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease. Neurofibrillary tangles, as one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease, are important to the study of abnormal and clinical psychology. After summarizing the history of Alois Alzheimer’s description of neurofibrillary tangles, this entry discusses their primary constituent, abnormal hyperphosphorylated tau protein. In addition, the role of neurofibrillary tangles in the neuropathological diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is briefly discussed.

History

In 1901, the German physician Alois Alzheimer admitted a 51-year-old female patient named Auguste Deter to the Municipal Asylum for the Insane and Epileptic in Frankfurt. She had developed memory impairment, paranoia, and disruptive behavior and could no longer function at home. Alzheimer continued to follow her clinical ...

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