Neurocognitive Disorders: Treatment

Neurocognitive disorder was first introduced as a formal diagnostic classification in the 2013 American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), replacing the previous DSM-IV-TR (fourth edition, text revision) category of Dementia, Delirium, Amnestic, and Other Cognitive Disorders. The DSM-5 distinguishes between mild and major neurocognitive disorder, with each type involving an acquired cognitive decline in one or more cognitive domains. Such domains include attention, executive functioning (planning, organization, decision making, inhibition, and mental flexibility), learning and memory, language, visuospatial processing, perceptual-sensorimotor abilities, and social cognition (recognition and regulation of emotions). Both mild and major neurocognitive disorders extend beyond typical or normal, senescent or age-related cognitive complaints and involve decline that often requires treatment or intervention to assist individuals ...

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