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Neurocognitive Disorders: Risk for

The diagnosis of neurocognitive disorder (NCD) depends on a significant decline from baseline ability in one or more of the cognitive domains, which include attention, executive function, learning and memory, language, perceptual-motor abilities, and social cognition. The etiology of NCD is often known, and specifiers are used to describe the origin of the disorder. Etiologies include Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), prion disease, Lewy body disease (LBD), HIV infection, vascular disease, traumatic brain injury (TBI), Huntington’s disease (HD), and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTD). Specifiers are also used to describe if the cognitive decline is a result of medication/substance use, multiple etiologies, or an unspecified etiology. A risk factor is a variable or characteristic that increases the likelihood of developing a certain condition. The risk ...

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