Every human encounter is multicultural in nature. Likewise, therapists and clients negotiate different sets of cultures, including diversity variables such as ethnicity, race, gender, class, sexual orientation, age, physical ability, religion, spirituality, linguistic proficiency, and ideology, among others, in the therapeutic interaction. Multicultural therapy is applicable to every client because it involves a cross-cultural encounter between the therapist and the client. In this manner, multicultural therapists are guided by the pervasiveness of culture in life. For instance, culture informs the definitions of mental health, illness, treatment, and wellness. Multicultural psychotherapy is a context-centered approach that offers culturally relevant and practical methods designed to enhance healing. This entry presents cultural competence as a foundation for multicultural therapy and the role of therapeutic relationship as its main ...

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