Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a psychotherapy originated by Adrian Wells that emphasizes the role of metacognitive processes in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders. MCT differs from traditional cognitive behavioral therapy in its focus on thought processes instead of thought content. Research has validated the metacognitive models of psychological disorders that serve as the basis for MCT and has demonstrated MCT to be an effective treatment for various disorders. In this entry, the theory underlying MCT and its treatment components are discussed.

Theoretical Components of MCT


Metacognition refers to cognition applied to cognition and includes metacognitive knowledge, experiences, and strategies. Metacognitive knowledge consists of beliefs about thoughts and thought processes. For instance, a client diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder may hold the belief that having an ...

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