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In everyday life, a person may occasionally become emotionally distressed, usually in response to a wide range of stressors and adverse circumstances, such as death of a loved one, conflict in relationships, stress at work, academic failure, or a physical injury. Although experiencing emotional distress may be inevitable in daily life, its presence does not necessarily indicate the existence of a mental health disorder. Some negative emotions such as anxiety and fear can be useful to a degree, as they can mobilize a person to take a necessary action to protect himself or herself from an imminent danger in the environment. However, if a person becomes housebound and incapacitated due to an extreme level of fear and avoidance in response to, for example, the ...

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