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Meditation most commonly refers to a practice to achieve an enhanced state of consciousness and awareness. Often, this entails maintaining one’s attention toward a single experience, object, or action to enhance the experience and to foster greater awareness, focus, calmness, and cognitive discipline. Although it is difficult to provide an exact definition of meditation, as it can involve a variety of disparate techniques and practices, a central component that is commonly experienced in everyday life is engrossment. For instance, it is not uncommon for an individual’s mind to wander off into a daydream or trance-like state or to become completely absorbed during some single task. What distinguishes this kind of mental engagement from meditation is that the latter involves a concerted effort of sustained attention ...

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