Mania is an abnormally elated mental state, typically characterized by feelings of euphoria, lack of inhibition, racing thoughts, diminished need for sleep, talkativeness, risk taking, and irritability. In severe cases, mania can be associated with hallucinations and delusions, usually of grandiose content. Individuals experiencing a manic episode often have feelings of increased self-importance, elation, sociability, and a desire to engage in goal-oriented tasks and activities with potential harm, such as compulsive shopping or risky sexual behavior. Mania is frequently associated with impatience, impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and a decreased need for sleep. When there is a preponderance of symptoms of grandiosity, mania is called euphoria; in cases with a preponderance of irritability, mania is called dysphoria.

Hypomania refers to a condition with persistent or elevated expansive mood, hyperactivity, ...

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