International Classification of Diseases

A core constitutional responsibility of the World Health Organization (WHO), which is the directing and coordinating authority within the United Nations’ system for international health, is the publication of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). The ICD is the most widely used public health classification and defines disease states to ensure global standardization of the reporting of accurate health information. The ICD comprises a categorical system that provides a conceptual framework for health specialties, including mental health disorders. The 194 member states of the WHO agree to use the ICD framework to monitor threats to public health, evaluate progress in attaining public health objectives, define those conditions eligible for free or subsidized health care, improve access to health care services, ...

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