Intellectual Disability: Cultural Factors

The U.S. population is becoming more culturally and linguistically diverse, and the population of people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) mirrors the general population in a similar way. Therefore, it is important to understand cultural factors that are related to people with ID and their families in order to provide appropriate psychological and social services. The following sections discuss prevalence of ID by race and ethnicity, racial and ethnic disparities in services factors for people with ID, and the family context.


What constitutes an ID varies by authors, agencies, and policymakers. There are various definitions for ID used in studies, and the scant research that looks at prevalence often collapses ID under the larger umbrella category of developmental disability. ID often occurs simultaneously with other developmental ...

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