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Impulse Control Disorders: Diagnosis

Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are characterized by strong urges and excessive or problematic behaviors that are harmful to oneself or to others and are associated with significant impairment in functioning. The diagnosis of ICDs varies by classification index. In both the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), published in 2000, and the World Health Organization’s International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10), published in 1992, ICDs included pathological gambling, kleptomania, trichotillomania, and pyromania. These were grouped in the categories of Impulse Control Disorders Not Elsewhere Classified in the DSM-IV-TR and Habit and Impulse Disorders in ICD-10. ICDs may also include intermittent explosive disorder (IED; as specified in the DSM-IV-TR). Pathological skin ...

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