Definitions of evidence-based treatment, also known as evidence-based practice (EBP), vary from one discipline to another within health care. In a seminal editorial in 1996, David Sackett and colleagues provided one of the first definitions of evidence-based treatment in medicine, articulating EBP as a purposeful and conscientious integration of the best available evidence with clinical expertise in medical decision making. Following nearly a decade later, the American Psychological Association’s Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice defined EBP in psychology as integrating three components, specifically (1) the best available research, (2) clinical expertise, and (3) the characteristics, context, and preferences of patients. The National Association of Social Work followed with a definition of EBP that builds on these definitions by emphasizing the importance of ethics and ...

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