Elimination Disorders: Social Factors

The term elimination disorders or bladder bowel dysfunction is an umbrella term for all problems regarding an inappropriate elimination of urine or feces. Enuresis or bed-wetting is nocturnal incontinence in episodes during sleep in a child aged 5 years or more. Enuresis is caused by a mismatch between urine production overnight and bladder capacity, together with a failure of the child to awaken in response to a full bladder. Lower urinary tract conditions or functional bladder disorders might lead to daytime urinary incontinence. At present, the most widely accepted definition for childhood bowel problems is defined by the Rome III criteria. Functional constipation is diagnosed when at least two of the following criteria are fulfilled: ≤2 defecations per week, at least one episode of ...

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