Dissociative Disorders: Risk for

Within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), the dissociative disorders are a diagnostic classification characterized by a discontinuity and/or fragmentation in an individual’s identity, consciousness and memory, emotions, sensory perception, and bodily and motor control. The three primary dissociative disorders diagnoses in the DSM-5 are (1) dissociative amnesia, (2) depersonalization/derealization disorder, and (3) dissociative identity disorder (DID). For the estimated 1% to 7% of individuals from the general population with one of those three dissociative disorders, their dissociative symptoms often lead to marked functional impairment in psychosocial and vocational domains, emotion dysregulation, comorbid posttrauma and depressive symptoms, and high rates of self-harm. Because of the severity of their mental health and medical symptoms, patients with dissociative disorders are frequent ...

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