The dissociative disorders compose a diagnostic category in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). The term dissociation generally refers to a disconnection of some kind. Thus, the dissociative disorders are characterized by various disconnections of psychological processes that are normally connected. Most typically, this refers to disconnections related to memory, identity, perception, emotion, consciousness, and/or relation to the environment. The dissociative disorders chapter in the DSM-5 comprises three primary disorders: (1) depersonalization/derealization disorder, (2) dissociative amnesia, and (3) dissociative identity disorder. There are also two residual categories or diagnoses known as (1) other specified dissociative disorder and (2) unspecified dissociative disorder. Before describing the general and specific features of these disorders and comorbid conditions and before ...

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