Dissociation is “a disruption of and/or discontinuity in the normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control, and behavior” as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Dissociation is a multidimensional construct conceptualized in some individuals as alterations of consciousness resulting in detachment from the self (i.e., depersonalization) and/or the environment (i.e., derealization), or as the compartmentalization of psychological processes such as memory or identity. There are five dissociative disorders in the DSM-5: (1) dissociative amnesia (DA), (2) dissociative identity disorder (DID), (3) depersonalization/derealization disorder, (4) other specified dissociative disorder (OSDD; in the DSM-IV known as dissociative disorder not otherwise specified), and (5) unspecified dissociative disorder. The presenting dissociative problem is specified in OSDD (e.g., ...

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