Depressive Disorders: Psychological Factors

Depressive disorders are a category of conditions listed in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), that have common features of sad, empty, or irritable mood; somatic and cognitive changes; and significant, functional impairment in daily life. The disorders that fall under the depressive disorder category are major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, substance/medication-induced depressive disorder, depressive disorder due to another medical condition, other specified depressive disorder, and unspecified depressive disorder. These diagnoses differ in duration, timing of onset, and potential causal factors. Psychological factors represent a common link across disorders that contribute to the onset and maintenance of depressive disorders. Often, multiple psychological factors are present in depressive disorders, ...

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