Dementia and stroke are highly related given their associations with cognitive decline. This relationship goes beyond that encapsulated by vascular dementia because, for example, a stroke may initiate a dementia; existing dementia may be further progressed by a stroke; and underlying neurodegenerative changes may interact with vascular changes.

The interplay of the two conditions is an important area within clinical psychology given the role that neuropsychology plays in informing diagnosis and prognosis and in assisting in the identification of those at risk of progressive cognitive impairment after stroke. Research into this area may also assist in developing a greater understanding of the role of cerebrovascular lesions in the development of dementia.

This entry begins with an overview of stroke and dementia and then discusses the process, prevalence, ...

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