Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an invasive form of modulating neuropsychiatric function by implanting one or two small electrical leads deep into the brain. Different brain areas, or targets, are used to treat different symptoms or disorders. The electrical current is delivered by a neurostimulator, a battery or impulse generator implanted subcutaneously in the abdominal or subclavicular region. The battery and electrical leads are connected with thin extension cables running directly underneath the skin from the head behind the ear along the neck to the site of the implanted neurostimulator. These leads, with a diameter of less than 2 millimeters, are implanted via a special neurosurgical technique called stereotaxy, or stereotactic surgery. After imaging the brain by magnetic resonance imaging or computer tomography, the physician ...

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