Conduct Disorder: Epidemiology

Conduct disorder (CD) refers to a consistent pattern of violating the basic rights of others and age-appropriate societal norms. Symptoms of CD may be included in four dimensions: (1) aggression to people or animals, (2) destruction of property, (3) deceitfulness or theft, and (4) serious violations of rules (e.g., truancy from school, staying out past curfew). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), not only requires that individuals exhibit three symptoms of CD from any of these dimensions within the past 12 months but also requires that at least one symptom be present within the past 6 months. In addition, individuals must experience clinically significant impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning and may not already meet the criteria for antisocial ...

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