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Community Psychology Theoretical Framework

The primary focus of community psychology is on the relationship between people and the communities, organizations, and societies in which they live. The field is interested in the contexts in which human development and behavior occur, both micro (e.g., families) and macro (e.g., nations). The fundamental assumption of the field is that these contexts include both elements that serve as risk factors for healthy functioning and those that promote well-being. Community psychologists seek to understand those risk and protective factors and to develop the theories and methods necessary to implement community change. The field represents a shift in perspective from many of the other topics covered in this encyclopedia in that the focus of the field is not on changing individuals but rather on ...

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