Identifying effective interventions for childhood psychological disorders within the context of the child’s ongoing development and adaptation to the environment is a complex process. Clinical and research endeavors with children must start from a theoretical formulation to guide hypotheses, identify processes in the etiology of maladaptive behaviors, and suggest points of intervention. Increasingly, the field of clinical child psychology is moving toward an integrative approach, examining multiple causes including genetics, neurobiology, emotion regulation, learning history, cognitive factors, and family and cultural contexts. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) provides an integrated approach to treating childhood disorders, emphasizing learning and cognition as shaping children’s behavior and interpretation of the world around them.

CBT for children is the most widely supported treatment intervention for childhood psychological problems, including internalizing ...

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