The term cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) represents an array of well-researched treatments that share a common theoretical history, including principles of classical and operant conditioning, social learning theory, and experimental cognitive psychology. In cognitive behavioral theory, psychological health is related to the functionality and adaptability of people’s behavioral repertoires, thinking patterns, and capacity for emotional and physiological self-regulation. The behavioral component involves the person’s breadth of repertoire of behavioral skills for meeting the demands of life across situations and settings, as well as how well the person learns from consequences (including via observing others), including rewards, punishments, and an absence of stimuli. In terms of thinking patterns, the model holds that people do not learn solely as a result of consequences (e.g., reinforcement) and conditioning ...

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