Muslims are individuals who follow Islam. Islam is one of the three major monotheistic Abrahamic faiths. Islam has a long tradition of accommodating deafness. The primary sacred texts, the Qur’an and the Hadith, each contain numerous references to deafness and Deaf people. The traditionally oral nature of Islamic practice, including the daily call to prayer and the recitation of the Qur’an, can lead to low self-esteem and feelings of exclusion for Deaf Muslims. The word Qur’an means “recitation,” and speaking aloud is a traditional component of Muslim life, adding to the isolation and insecurity of Deaf believers. To fully appreciate the relationship between Islam and being deaf, a brief review of the essential concepts of Islam and Islamic law is necessary.

Muhammad (570–632 CE) was born ...

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