Bullying is a public health problem that affects most children, including those who bully others, those who are bullied, and those who witness these incidents. Bullying is a subtype of aggression that involves intentional harm to another that is repeated over time and includes an imbalance of power between the aggressor and the target. The types of bullying that have been identified are physical (e.g., hitting, kicking), verbal (e.g., teasing, threatening, and name-calling, which would include such messages sent in sign language), and social-relational (e.g., social exclusion, rumor spreading). In recent years, the availability of digital technology has provided an additional method for inflicting damage on others in a form called cyberbullying. It is clear that there are both immediate and long-term negative consequences of ...

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