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aka Middle Core Faction, Nucleus Faction

Chukaku-ha is a radical Japanese leftist terrorist group best known for its 30-year struggle against the Narita Airport project. The group is currently believed to have about 3,500 members, of which several hundred form the active terrorist core.

Chukaku-ha was born out of the leftist student movement of 1960s Japan. From the start, Japan's student radicals focused their opposition on two issues: the perceived imperialism of Japan's government and the close relations between Japan and the United States, particularly the continued U.S. military presence in Japan. The tendency of hard-line elements within Japan's radical groups to split off and form separate groups because of ideological disputes led to increasing radicalism and created bitter rivalries. The Chukaku-ha was typical; it began in the mid-1960s as the armed wing of the Japan Revolutionary Communist League and spawned two splinter groups of ...

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