• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

aka Middle Core Faction, Nucleus Faction

Chukaku-ha is a radical Japanese leftist terrorist group best known for its 30-year struggle against the Narita Airport project. The group is currently believed to have about 3,500 members, of which several hundred form the active terrorist core.

Chukaku-ha was born out of the leftist student movement of 1960s Japan. From the start, Japan's student radicals focused their opposition on two issues: the perceived imperialism of Japan's government and the close relations between Japan and the United States, particularly the continued U.S. military presence in Japan. The tendency of hard-line elements within Japan's radical groups to split off and form separate groups because of ideological disputes led to increasing radicalism and created bitter rivalries. The Chukaku-ha was typical; it began in the mid-1960s as the armed wing of the Japan Revolutionary Communist League and spawned two splinter groups of ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles