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King David Hotel Bombing

On July 22, 1946, the primary Jewish underground militant group, Irgun Zvai Leumi, blew up the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, in what was then British-ruled Palestine.

Zionists clashed many times with the British during the mid-20th century. The Balfour Declaration of 1916 promised the Jewish people a national home in Palestine. However, the 1936 Arab Revolt led Britain to retreat from this commitment, and in 1939, the British enacted the “White Paper,” which limited Jewish immigrants to 75,000 over the next five years. During World War II, the Irgun suspended attacks against the British in Palestine, concentrating instead on fighting the Germans; many Irgun supporters joined the British Army. However, a more extreme splinter group called Lehi, or the Stern Gang, continued attacking the British in Palestine.

Most of the British administration in Palestine was based in the seven-story ...

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