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Although the term jihad can refer to a nonviolent or violent struggle against evil, Islamic jihad usually refers to the use of force in an attempt to establish an Islamic state or in an attack on individuals or nations viewed as enemies of Islam.

Today, several terrorist organizations are sometimes referred to as “Islamic Jihad.” These include the following:

  • Al Jihad (aka Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Egyptian al-Jihad, Jihad Group, New Jihad): Active since the 1970s, it has the goal of overthrowing the secular Egyptian government and replacing it with an Islamic State.
  • A splinter group from Hezbollah (aka Islamic Jihad Organization, add most common other akas): Hezbollah had its origins in the Iranian revolution in 1979; during 1982, it evolved into a group in with the goal of transforming Lebanon into an Islamic state and supporting Palestine in its battle with Israel. In the mid-1980s, Hezbollah began ...
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