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A knowledge question is designed to capture the extent to which people have stored factual information in long-term memory and how well they can retrieve and respond with that information when asked a survey question about a given topic. Knowledge, as a concept, is distinct from attitudes and opinions. Knowledge, moreover, is not synonymous with the term information. Whereas information describes a wider breadth of content that may include non-neutral as well as neutral elements, knowledge is considered neutral, factual content. The term factual is one that has been debated. Facts refer to those content elements on which there is consensual agreement. For example, it is a fact that it takes two thirds of Congress to override a presidential veto. Whether or not a given ...

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