Benzodiazepines are a family of psychotropic drugs that produce a hypnotic and sedative effect. They are central nervous system (CNS) depressants that are typically used as minor tranquilizers. Since the 1960s, benzodiazepines have been a popular medication and safer option than barbiturates in treating symptoms associated with anxiety and sleep disorders. Commonly prescribed and well-known benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), chlor-diazepoxide (Librium), temazepam (Restoril), and triazolam (Halcion). As a result of the beneficial anxiolytic and soporific properties, benzodiazepines have a high potential for abuse and dependence. They are among the most commonly abused prescription drugs.

There are many therapeutic uses for benzodiazepines as they safely manage and treat a variety of conditions. Benzodiazepines are most predominantly prescribed for anxiety, elevated stress in fear-evoking situations ...

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