Women for Sobriety (WFS), a nonprofit self-help network for women in recovery, was developed by Jean Kirkpatrick, a Ph.D. in sociology. This program espouses the belief that there is no reason for any woman to die from alcoholism. After years of drinking and attempts at recovery through participation in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Kirkpatrick realized that the program did not address the things that were important to her as a woman. She realized that by changing her thinking she could make the changes in her life that she had been pursuing. Major emotional problems for alcoholic women, from her experience, include an excessive feeling of guilt, poor self-esteem, depression, and loneliness. Kirkpatrick was keenly aware that alcoholism is harder on women both physically and emotionally than ...

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