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Willpower is typically defined as an individual's ability and determination to control his or her own behavior. Historically, there has been much debate about whether insufficient or weak willpower is a cause of addiction or relapse. The current consensus among experts is that addiction is a biopsychosocial disease, meaning that a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors influence its occurrence.

The extent to which addiction is viewed as a problem of willpower has implications for whether individuals with addictions are viewed as responsible or blameworthy for their substance use. The viewpoint that addiction is a willpower, moral, or misconduct problem results in prejudice against individuals with addictions and promotes the myth that individuals who abuse substances do so entirely by choice. In contrast, the viewpoint ...

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