Substance-related disorders, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-TV-TR), include both substance-induced disorders and substance use disorders. Substance use disorders include the subcategories of substance abuse and substance dependence, and these two subcategories constitute the most common substance-related disorder diagnoses, with a prevalence rate of 9.2% in the United States.

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse is diagnosed when substance use leads to significant problems in one or more of the following four domains within a 12-month period: (1) legal, (2) interpersonal, (3) work or school, or (4) hazardous behaviors. Individuals with a substance abuse diagnosis may exhibit a failure to fulfill major role obligations, repeatedly use substances in situations where it is dangerous to do so, and experience recurrent ...

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